The rolling landscape of Scotland conceals a castle around nearly every corner. Scotland is home to more than 1,500 castles, each of which has a distinct appearance and design that symbolizes the history of the nation. Some have been abandoned and allowed to fall into ruin. But others are still occupied by people living in them, or offering castle stays in Scotland.
Why are there so many castles in Scotland
The primary purpose of castles in Scotland was defense. Both as a means of consolidating authority and as a shield for the populations they guarded. As a direct consequence of this, the majority of castles were erected in geographic regions that posed the greatest threat of attack.
How many castles in Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire has around 263 castles that you can see and visit, but here are the most popular and best of them.
A castle from the seventeenth century with a colorful past and a bright future. It has served as a hunting lodge, stronghold, garrison, and family house since it was built by the Earl of Mar in 1628. Furthermore the castle is equipped with the Farquharson family’s furnishings. It also has mementos, and personal things and serves as the home of Clan Farquharson’s chiefs.
Prince Albert purchased the Estate in 1852 for Queen Victoria. Since then, it has been the Royal Family’s Scottish vacation residence. The Castle itself has a fascinating history, as it is not the original structure purchased by Prince Albert. The original building was insufficient for the Royal Family’s purposes. Therefore a new one was constructed adjacent to the gardens.
The future King Charles II, William Wallace, Mary Queen of Scots, the Marquis of Montrose, and William Wallace have all visited the Castle. The Scottish Crown Jewels, known as the ‘Honours of Scotland,’ were rescued from destruction by a tiny garrison at Dunnottar Castle. They managed to hold out against Cromwell’s army for eight months.
Castle Fraser, Aberdeenshire
Castle Fraser dates from the mid-1400s, when James II took over the Earldom of Mar’s possessions and divided them into smaller baronies. Each of which he awarded to a valued follower. Thomas Fraser took quick action to safeguard his new barony. He did this by constructing a three-story rectangular tower house, which still serves as the castle’s core today.
How many castles in Edinburgh
Edinburgh has 3 castles that you can visit but the most popular are just below.
The most famous of Scotland’s castles has a complicated construction history. St Margaret’s Chapel, the oldest section, originates from the 12th century. In addition, circa 1510, James IV built the Great Hall. In addition, in the late 16th century, the Regent Morton built the Half Moon Battery. After the First World War, the Scottish National War Memorial was erected.
The construction of the castle began in the early 15th century. And over the next 250 years, it evolved into a pleasant home surrounded by beautiful gardens and pastureland. The history of Craigmillar Fortress is significant in the narrative of Mary Queen of Scots. She escaped to the castle after Rizzio’s assassination.
How many castles in the Scottish Highlands
There are more than 1000 castles in the Scottish Highlands but the best ones to visit are the following.
Cawdor Castle was erected around a 15th century tower house that belonged to Clan Cawdor until it was sold to the Campbells in the 16th century. The castle is said to be built around a thorn tree that dates from 1372 and has now been recognized as a holly.
Eilean Donan Castle
Eilean Donan Castle is one of Scotland’s most well-known castles. It appears on more shortbread tins and calendars than any other. Without a doubt, it is a Scottish symbol and one of the most famous tourist destinations in the Highlands.
Dunrobin Castle is Scotland’s most northerly great house, as well as the biggest in the Northern Highlands. This Castle is home to the Earls and later the Dukes of Sutherland. It is also one of Britain’s oldest continually occupied residences, dating back to the early 1300s.
For over 800 years, Dunvegan Castle has been the stronghold of the MacLeod Chiefs, and it is now the residence of the Clan Chief. The exterior’s uniform look is misleading since the castle is an aggregation of structures. The structures took six stages to build between the 1300s and the mid-1800s.
The Macleods of Assynt possessed the grounds in 1490, when the fortress was built. In 1672, the Mackenzies of Assynt stormed and conquered Ardvreck Castle. They demolished it in 1726 and rebuilt it with the more contemporary Calda House, reusing some of the stone from Ardvreck Castle in the process.
The castle has a strong Highland tradition, and the grounds have witnessed some of our country’s most dramatic events. This is where St Columba is supposed to have performed miracles in the sixth century. It is also where deeds of chivalry and defiance inspired the Wars of Independence. Furthermore, it is where the MacDonald Lords of the Isles battled the Crown for control.
The tale portrayed here is unique among Scottish castles. It’s taking you from a visit by Mary Queen of Scots through the Civil War and the Jacobite cause. It also proceeds to the calamity of Culloden after Bonnie Prince Charlie’s stay. You’ll learn how a smuggler-infested island was handed down as a lucky inheritance. And how a visit from Queen Victoria led to the formation of Europe’s last surviving private regiment.
How many castles in Stirlingshire
Stirlingshire has around 85 castles, but the most worthy of visiting are these.
Stirling Castle has been assaulted or besieged at least 16 times over its long and deadly history. Three battles were fought in the close neighborhood. Two of which were pivotal in Scottish history, while a fourth fight was fought just a few miles to the north.
The precise date of construction is unknown. However, it is anticipated that the final product will not be exactly as intended. However, the resulting complex satisfied all of a royal palace’s military and domestic requirements. The magnificent Lord’s Hall has a carved wood screen, musicians’ gallery, and double fireplace. It’s also all housed in the stunning keep-gatehouse.
How many castles can you visit in Scotland?
There are plenty of castles you can visit in Scotland. You can also hire a tour guide to explain the history of the castle and best of all you can hire a chauffeur service to take you there.
List of castles in Scotland
Inveraray Castle is situated amid wide grounds to the north of the town of Inveraray, at the mouth of Loch Shira, a branch of Loch Fyne. It’s a stunning château with remarkable symmetry and conical roofed towers.
Glamis Castle is the mythical site for Shakespeare’s Macbeth. It is the family seat of the Earls of Strathmore and Kinghorne. Glamis Castle is steeped in history and has grown through time into a remarkable architectural masterpiece. Also, your own eager and qualified tour guides will bring the growth of the castle and its fabled legends and mysteries to life.
Culzean Castle & Country Park, Ayrshire
The actual castle is clinging to the side of the cliffs in Ayrshire. In the latter part of the 18th century, it was created by Robert Adam. It is also full of artifacts that chronicle the lives of the individuals who lived here.
Duart Castle, Isle of Mull
Duart Castle proudly protects the sea cliffs of the Isle of Mull. It also has one of Scotland’s most stunning and distinctive locations. The Castle, which was brought back from ruin in 1911, contains 800 years of history of one of Scotland’s oldest Clans. This clan is The Macleans, and is one of Scotland’s remaining privately owned Clan Castles.
Floors Castle, Kelso
Floors Castle is one of Scotland’s most famous country residences. This magnificent family residence has been home to eleven generations of the Dukes of Roxburghe. It is also Scotland’s biggest inhabited mansion.
This magnificent castle has a moat, twin towered gatehouse, and huge battlements. This makes it the pinnacle of the medieval fortress and one of Scotland’s best. The castle’s violent past is due in large part to its closeness to England. This closeness drew it into terrible cross-border skirmishes with many attackers. You can also see a fascinating siege warfare museum replete with replicas of medieval siege engines.
Luxury travel to Scottish Castles
The best way to visit each of these castles is to hire a professional chauffeur service. Hiring a service like this will help you visit as many as possible and get there in style. You also won’t have to worry about the road, and you’ll be able to enjoy the scenery.